Types of structures in the greenhouse
When you plan to set up a greenhouse, you will find that there are two types of structures to choose from, the Dutch greenhouse and the Spanish greenhouse. Learn more about these two structures.
When you plan to set up a greenhouse, you will notice that there are two types of structural choices in front of you, the Dutch greenhouse and the Spanish greenhouse. But what is the difference between the standards of these two types of greenhouses and what distinguishes them from each other?
The Netherlands is the first country to have the technology and knowledge needed to design these greenhouses, and for this reason, the name of these greenhouses originates from this country. In the design of these greenhouses, a special metal frame with an expansion and contraction coefficient close to glass is used. This skeleton acts like a supporting frame, and its proper expansion and contraction coefficient prevents the glass from breaking under temperature stress.
Suitable glass for greenhouse
If you are thinking of building a glass greenhouse, you should not neglect its glass. The selection of glass in these greenhouses is very important in order to control the amount of light and heat entering the greenhouse and adjust the humidity and temperature.
The glasses used in the Dutch greenhouse are sealed with special tapes and adhesives. Also, since the resistance of glass is very important, designers use 4 mm diameter glass, which is the most standard type of glass for this work. They then temper the glass to increase its strength.
Types of greenhouses
To set up a Dutch greenhouse, there are different types of structural systems that you can use depending on factors such as the type of crop:
Advantages of the Dutch greenhouse
The reason for the high popularity of Dutch greenhouses is the many advantages of these glass greenhouses. In the following, we mention the most important ones:
It transmits the maximum amount of useful sunlight to the greenhouse.
Plants grow in an environment away from stress.
They provide the possibility of efficient energy optimization and management.
It uses human power in an optimal way.
It provides the possibility of building a visually beautiful greenhouse.
It has high durability and longevity.
It does not need to change the cover layer.
It is possible to use all kinds of equipment.
It keeps infrared rays at night.
The interior of the greenhouse will be open to visitors.
If there is no light, the efficiency of the environment will be high.
It is possible to transfer heat.
It is resistant to the weight of snow and wind.
Climate is one of the factors that many modern farmers think about when setting up their greenhouse because it is not possible to grow every crop in every climate. But the construction of the Dutch greenhouse means leaving aside the climatic limitation because this greenhouse can control factors such as the type of soil; humidity; Light, temperature, water, etc. provide a controlled environment for the growth of all kinds of plants.
In addition to controlling the factors we mentioned, these greenhouses will bring the energy and water consumption of the greenhouse closer to optimal conditions with intelligent control of the environment.
Increase production per unit area
With the construction of the Dutch greenhouse, energy, soil, manpower, water and other resources will not be wasted. This makes it possible to cultivate and produce maximum products in these greenhouses.
Pest and pollution control
One of the biggest concerns when setting up a greenhouse is pests and contamination that can damage crops on a large scale. Dutch greenhouses provide a sterile environment for crop cultivation, thus reducing the possibility of pest infestation or the spread of contamination in these controlled environments.
One of the best methods of crop cultivation in the Dutch greenhouse environment is hydroponic cultivation. This cultivation, which is also known as soilless cultivation, can be used in non-cultivable lands. In this way, the produced products will be near the consumer market. This is a big advantage for Dutch greenhouses.
The Spanish greenhouse is a popular option for people who want to set up an inexpensive greenhouse. This type of greenhouse was invented for the first time in the province of Almeria, Spain, as an agricultural environment with high technical and economic efficiency. The design of this type of greenhouse is based on the rational use of water, sand, and sand.
Spanish greenhouse structure
Spanish greenhouses are famous for their many openings and pointed domes. The structure of these greenhouses is light and can be implemented in different dimensions. This has made it the most popular option for cheap greenhouse construction.
Usually, the covering of the roof and walls of Spanish greenhouses is made of transparent plastic or polycarbonate. Using this cover absorbs a lot of heat and moisture. Therefore, the crops planted in these greenhouses ripen a month earlier than usual, and for this reason, the amount of harvest in these greenhouses is usually 2 or 3 times that of other types of greenhouses.
Types of greenhouses
If you are planning to set up a cheap greenhouse and the Spanish greenhouse is your choice, you should note that there are different types of this greenhouse. You should choose one of its types to build your greenhouse according to factors such as the type of crop.
Advantages of the Spanish greenhouse
The Spanish greenhouse is famous for its cheap construction cost, but the low cost is not the only reason why people go to this option to build a greenhouse. Other advantages of the Spanish greenhouse include the following:
The ventilation of Spanish greenhouses is very suitable and standard.
The sunlight is optimally used in these greenhouses.
In winter, due to the distillation of air humidity inside the greenhouse, dew drops do not form.
It has a strong structure that is durable.
It is an ideal place for growing vegetables and other agricultural products in the cold seasons of the year.
It is possible to easily control environmental conditions and factors such as temperature, humidity, etc.
It performs very well in hot and cold climates.
It is very beautiful and homogeneous.
It is possible to separate the Spanish greenhouse into several separate units.
The production efficiency of agricultural products is high in this type of structure.
It creates an excellent climate system for plants.
Its structure is quick and easy to install.
It has a lower cost than imported samples.