The purpose of building greenhouses is to create an environment in which you can control all the conditions required for the growth and cultivation of your desired plant. Stay with us in this article with intelligent greenhouse control.

The purpose of building greenhouses is to create an environment in which you can control all the conditions required for the growth and cultivation of your desired plant.
Simulating the right environment for plant growth in the greenhouse requires a precise system that can control and check all the factors affecting the growth of the product at any moment.

But managing this problem by human forces alone is a difficult and exhausting task, sometimes neglecting it for a few hours can lead to the destruction of the entire greenhouse.
For this reason, the advancement of technology in the field of agriculture and horticulture has also taken important steps, one of which is the intelligent control of the greenhouse. Follow us until the end of this article to learn about this system and its benefits.

What is intelligent greenhouse control?

The intelligent control system is actually a collection of several sensors with different performance that all send the received information to a central computer. These components also command its artificial intelligence to perform certain tasks.

To clarify the concept of this system, it is better to explain it simply with an example. Suppose you have an environment for growing tropical fruits that you have tried to simulate the climate and regional conditions of a tropical environment by setting up a greenhouse.
The products you grow in this greenhouse are very sensitive to humidity, temperature, soil type, light and other influencing factors. So that if the air temperature drops, the entire products may suffer from diseases and perish.

The intelligent control system in this greenhouse, with various sensors that continuously monitor physical and chemical factors, will notice the lack of moisture in the air or soil.
In some cases, after sending this warning to the central computer, artificial intelligence issues the order to create the required moisture and the irrigation system will be activated. In some cases, by sending an SMS or sounding an alarm, it informs you of the malfunction so that you can fix it as soon as possible.

Advantages of using intelligent system in greenhouse construction

The use of a smart greenhouse control set has the following advantages:

Installing an intelligent control system reduces the need for manpower and the costs of hiring workers.
By accurately controlling the amount of humidity and temperature required by plants, you will save water and energy.
With this system, you can identify the adverse conditions that may cause pest, disease and product loss in time and take action to fix them as soon as possible.
Creating the best conditions under the control of the intelligent system has a direct impact on better productivity and higher product quality.
Types of intelligent control system

Greenhouses, the method of planting crops and their types are different from each other, so you can choose one of the types of intelligent control system for your work based on these criteria:

Smart home greenhouse for small environments with small area or home type
AVR control system is a modern way to keep crops in the greenhouse
Intelligent hydroponic system with the aim of controlling the growth of plants in water
Arduino intelligent control system with the ability to update information on the Internet and remote greenhouse management
Intelligent PLC greenhouse with the ability to store instructions and execute them accurately

Note that the installation cost of each of these systems is different. Also, in similar examples, factors such as the size of the greenhouse, the number of sensors and their components are influential in reducing or increasing your desired cost.

Components of intelligent greenhouse control system

After building a greenhouse and when choosing an intelligent control system, keep in mind that each of these models has different components, some of the most important of which are as follows:

temperature sensor, thermometer

The temperature sensor is the main component of most intelligent control systems, which is responsible for checking and reporting the temperature inside the greenhouse. In most of these systems, when the temperature-sensitive sensors warn of its decrease or increase, the central computer turns on the coolers or heaters to reach the desired temperature.

humidity sensor

As the name of the moisture sensor indicates, these components are responsible for measuring the amount of moisture in the soil or air. Usually, with the lack of humidity, the irrigation system is activated automatically or the humidifiers spread the required humidity in the air.

Also, if the humidity level is high, these sensors will send a report to the central computer, as a result, irrigation or air misting will be stopped.

Carbon dioxide sensor

Unlike humans, plants breathe carbon dioxide and return oxygen to the air. As a result, having a certain amount of this gas in the air is very important for the growth and preservation of plants.
The carbon dioxide control sensor calculates the amount of this gas and, when it decreases, orders the ventilation system to turn on or off.

cooling system

Another important component in the intelligent greenhouse control system are automatic cooling systems that have a direct relationship with the temperature sensor. Talaq or glass that covers the environment of the greenhouse absorbs the energy of the sun and transfers it to the interior environment in the form of heat.

This phenomenon, especially in the summer season, sometimes increases the air temperature to more than 45 degrees Celsius, as a result of which the plants are damaged.
The task of the cooling system in this set is to turn on automatically and adjust the ambient temperature until the desired number is reached.

Irrigation system

The irrigation system and the humidity sensor also work in line with the common goal of controlling the amount of humidity. This component of the control system activates upon receiving a low humidity warning and provides sufficient humidity to the plant, then shuts off automatically or you can stop it manually.


The meteorological system that you should install in the outer environment of the greenhouse is effective in controlling the conditions inside the greenhouse by measuring the temperature, the probability of precipitation, the intensity or direction of the winds, etc.

Other components

When buying an intelligent control system for building your greenhouse, you can also order the installation of some special components, such as a shading system or pest control. With this, you can produce products with the highest possible quality.