How to make organic pesticides? - Video tutorials
Aphids, ticks, spiders and other pests can cause serious damage to flowers, fruits and vegetables. These organisms attack plants and cause destruction and sickness in them. There are many chemical pesticides that have been proven to cause environmental degradation and also cause.
Fruits and vegetables also become unsafe for consumption. However, there are many organic domestic pesticides to fight insects and pests that can be easily made at home. This text says how to make organic pesticides.
Method 1: Using vegetables to make pesticides
Mix 1/2 cup of spicy pepper with 1/2 cup garlic cloves or onions. It is also possible to use both onions and garlic. All vegetables should be chopped before use.
Pour the chopped vegetables into an electric blender to achieve a thick paste.
Add two cups of hot water (500ml) to the mixture and mix them thoroughly.
Pour the compound into a glass or plastic container and place it in a sunny place or a warm place for 24 hours. It's best to keep in a sunny place.Pour the compound into a glass or plastic container and place it in a sunny place or a warm place for 24 hours. It is better to be kept in a sunny place.
Pass the mixture through a strainer and transfer the obtained water to another container. This is your pesticide water.
Pour your pesticide into a sprinkler. Before pouring the pesticide into the sprinkler, rinse the sprinklers with soap and water so that it is not contaminated.
This pesticide can be used to treat contaminated plants every 4 or 5 days. After 3 or 4 times the pests are lost.
Second method: using oil to make pesticides
Use a gentle liquid dishwashing soap. Do not use antibacterial aromatic soaps (antibacterials) and other specialized soaps as they may damage your plants.
Mix a tablespoon of dishwashing liquid with a cup of cooking oil in a bowl. Use canola oil or vegetable oils.
Add 12ml (2.5 teaspoons) of this mixture to a cup of water and mix it well.
Pour the new, residual mixture into a sprinkler and mix together.
Try pesticides on a small part of the plant. This will ensure that there is no further damage to the plant. If the part of the plant you have tried pesticide on withered or discolored, use other regular soaps to make this pesticide.
If the plant is not allergic to this pesticide, spray it to the whole plant, especially under the leaves. Focus on the spots where the insect has hatched because this pesticide destroys the eggs of insects and immature insects very quickly.
Method 3: Using liquid dishwashing soap to make pesticides
Choose a gentle liquid dishwashing soap. Using milder soaps reduces the risk of harmful effects on the plant. Specialty soaps, antibacterials and aromatic soaps should not be used.
Add 10-15ml soap to 4 liters of water and mix them well.
Pour the compound into a sprinkler. It is possible that not all the soap and water mixtures are placed in one sprinkler, so you should use a large sprinkler and pour the mixture into it as much as possible.
Test the pesticide on a small part of the plant that has been infected and monitor it for a day, it is safe if it does not wilt or discolor.
Spray the pesticide on the whole plant and focus more on areas where the contamination appears to be higher. This pesticide paralyzes insects and they will no longer be able to eat, resulting in loss.
Spray the pesticide on the plant every two or three days and do so for 2 weeks. Because this pesticide is diluted the continuation of the program is the only way to ensure the contamination is eliminated.
Method 4: Using tobacco to make pesticides
Mix a cup of tobacco with 4 liters of water. Tobacco is useful for removing aphids, worms and centipedes, but it is harmful to plants such as peppers, tomatoes, eggplants or other members of this family.
Place the compound in a sunny place or in a warm place for 24 hours.
Check the color of the combination. Ideally, the pesticide should be pale tea. If it gets too dark, dilute it with water and put it in the sun for a few extra hours if it looks too pale.
Add three tablespoons of liquid dishwashing soap to this mixture and mix thoroughly.
Transfer the compound to a sprinkler. Shake the mixture inside the sprinklers once more until better mixed.
Spray the pesticide on the infected parts of the plant and you can also spray it on parts of the plant that are in good condition.
Method 5: Using oranges to make pesticides
Remove the skin of an orange. If you don't have fresh oranges available, you can use 1.5 teaspoons of dried citrus scum or you can use 15 ml of condensed orange juice. Citrus is very strong in eliminating pests such as snails, aphids, fungi. It also works against ants and cockroaches.
Pour the orange peel into a glass jar and add 2 cups of boiling water. Place the solution in a warm place for 24 hours.
Pass the solution through a strainer and remove the skin and discard and pour the water into a pan.
Add a few drops of castile soap to the obtained water. The mint found in Castile soap is very effective. Mix the mixture thoroughly.
Transfer the compound into a sprinkler and spray it directly over the infected parts of the plant.
Method 6: Using chrysanthemums to make pesticides
Mix 1/2 cup (113 g) of dried chrysanthemum with one liter (4 cups) of water. Chrysanthemums have a section called pyrethrum, which can paralyze many insects that infect plants.
Allow the mixture of flowers and water to simmer for 20 minutes. Boiling the mixture releases the pyrethrum into the water.
Once boiled, pass the mixture of mud and water from a strainer and remove the flowers and discard and transfer the water to a pan.
Pour the obtained water into a sprinkler and spray it over the plant. Focus on the parts of the plant that are most damaged. Spray the pesticide to the whole plant containing under the leaves. This compound can be kept for two months, after this period is no longer effective.
Method 7: Using cherish oil to make pesticides
Mix 15ml neem oil with 1/2 teaspoon mild liquid dishwashing soap. Many believe that cherish oil obtained from bitter leaves of a tree is one of the most effective pesticides available.
Add the oil and soap mixture to 2 liters of hot water. Stir the mix thoroughly and gently.
Transfer the pesticide to a sprinkler and spray it to the whole plant, especially the contaminated and damaged parts, and focus more on these spots.
Warning: Some pesticides such as tobacco and soap-based pesticides may damage the plant, so it is better to try on a small part of the plant before general use on the plant and in case of allergy, use pesticides on the whole plant.